Amos Scientific PTY. LTD.
Amos Scientific PTY. LTD.

The AMOS Cryostat is a high-performance instrument designed for cutting frozen tissue sections in histology and pathology laboratories. It offers precise temperature control and advanced freezing capabilities, ensuring optimal tissue preservation. The cryostat features a microtome for precise sectioning and a cooling system to maintain the desired temperature. The AMOS Cryostat is available for sale, providing a reliable and efficient solution for frozen sectioning in research, diagnostics, and educational settings.

Principles and Techniques of Cryostat Sectioning in Histopathology

Cryostat sectioning is a popular technique in histopathology that involves cutting thin tissue sections from frozen specimens. It allows for rapid processing, immediate evaluation, and preservation of tissue morphology. The principles and techniques of cryostat sectioning are as follows:

1. Freezing and embedding: Specimens are rapidly frozen using a cryogen, typically liquid nitrogen or a refrigerant like isopentane or dry ice. The frozen sample is then embedded in a supporting medium, often optimal cutting temperature (OCT) compound, to stabilize the tissue for sectioning.

2. Temperature control: Cryostat machines maintain a controlled temperature within the chamber, typically around -20 to -30 degrees Celsius. This ensures optimal hardness and adherence of the tissue sample to the cutting surface.

3. Sectioning: A microtome within the cryostat is used to cut thin sections from the frozen specimen. The tissue block is securely mounted and advanced across the knife edge to obtain consistently thin slices. The sections are typically between 4 to 10 micrometers in thickness, depending on the application.

4. Section collection and mounting: The sections are collected on glass slides and can be immediately ready for staining or other downstream applications. Proper handling techniques are necessary to prevent damage or contamination during the collection and mounting process.

Cryostat sectioning is particularly advantageous for preserving tissue integrity and maintaining excellent morphological detail. It is ideal for rapid diagnosis, intraoperative consultations, and studies requiring fresh or unfixed tissue analysis. This technique is widely used in various areas of histopathology, including research, diagnostic pathology, and molecular studies such as fluorescence microscopy and immunohistochemistry. To ensure reliable results, proper specimen preparation, temperature control, and handling techniques are critical in cryostat sectioning.

Applications of Cryostat Sectioning in Research and Diagnostic Pathology

Cryostat sectioning refers to the process of freezing tissue samples to extremely low temperatures before cutting them into thin slices for examination under a microscope. This technique has numerous applications in both research and diagnostic pathology, including:

1. Research on fresh and unfixed tissue: Cryostat sectioning allows researchers to study unfixed tissue samples, preserving the cellular structures and biochemical constituents in their natural state. This is particularly useful for investigating molecular processes, enzyme activity, and protein expression.

2. Rapid diagnosis of disease: Cryostat sectioning enables quick diagnosis of diseases such as cancer, as frozen tissue can be cut and stained on the same day, eliminating the need for time-consuming fixation and processing steps. This allows for expedited diagnosis and immediate treatment planning decisions.

3. Immunohistochemistry studies: Cryostat sectioning is commonly used in immunohistochemistry studies that involve visualizing specific proteins in tissues. Frozen sections can retain more antigenicity than formalin-fixed sections, allowing for accurate detection of specific molecules and a better understanding of disease mechanisms.

4. Tissue banking and DNA analysis: Cryostat sectioning is used to create frozen tissue banks, which store valuable samples for future research. These banks are crucial in genetic studies, as frozen tissue sections can be used for DNA extraction, genomic analysis, and identification of genetic variations associated with diseases.

5. Intracellular studies: Cryostat sectioning is instrumental in investigating intracellular structures and organelles, as freezing preserves cellular architecture and enables the study of intricate cellular processes such as apoptosis and organelle dynamics.

In conclusion, cryostat sectioning is a versatile technique with a wide range of applications in research and diagnostic pathology. Its ability to preserve tissue integrity and allow for rapid analysis makes it an invaluable tool for investigating diseases and understanding molecular mechanisms.

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